White flour does not have high nutritional value and is also not fibre rich. White is too heavy for the gut and the intestines hence puts a strain on the digestive organs. Since it is sticky in nature it absorbs a lot of toxic substances making it difficult for the body to throw them out. White flour is processed food and is stripped of its nutritional value. It also causes the insulin levels to shoot up . Products made with white flour are also rich in carbohydrates thus aiding weight gain. There are a number of healthier flours which are nutrient dense and also add more fibre to your meals.
Almond flour is rich in protein, fibre and healthy fats. This has a nuttier taste and is very versatile and can be used in a number of combinations. It contains high quantities of vitamin E and magnesium which are very vital for our general well- being. Magnesium helps to control blood sugar levels and an almond rich diet can improve insulin functions. Almond also has a low glycemic index . Almond flour is easy to bake and can be used to replace normal wheat flour. It can also be used to thicken meat and chicken dishes and enhance their flavours.
Coconut flour has natural sweetness and a low glycemic index than the all purpose flour. It is also rich in fibre which helps to keep you fuller for longer intervals of time. Coconut flour is good for digestion and also for heart health. This is gluten free and hence easier to digest. Coconut flour is a plant based food so is richer in fibre and is rich in iron too . It helps to fight bacteria and certain viruses too. It is also a type of soluble fibre so adds bulk to the stools and helps to move food smoothly through the intestines .Being rich in both protein and fibre it helps to reduce hunger and appetite thus aiding weight loss.
Chickpeas also known as garbanzo beans are very very rich in fibre. Their nutty taste and grainy texture combines well with several flours and can be made into a number of wholesome dishes. Chickpea flour is rich in protein and can be ideally used to replace meat in vegetarian and gluten free diets. High fibre also helps to curb appetite and hunger pangs. Chickpea flour is plant based and excellent for those who avoid animal products. Chickpea helps to control blood sugar levels and thus manage weight too. It is economical in cost and can be added to a variety of soups , salads and sandwiches. It is a wonder flour and a staple food of most Indian and middle eastern diets.
Buckwheat flour does not contain wheat and is made from a seed .It can be used to make different types of pancakes, muffins and crepes.It is full of fibre and protein and has a crunchy nutty flavour. People with gluten intolerance can safely use this flour to make tasty recipes or combine it with brown rice. It can be made into noodles and pasta as well. The protein and fibre also add fullness to the meal and is easy to digest as well.
All these are good substitutes to the all -purpose flour which is processed fine and stripped of its nutrients. They are also rich in taste and aroma and lend exotic flavours to normal dishes without compromising on taste.
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